This is the aspect of medicine that includes the examination, diagnosis, treatment planning, treatment, and prevention of disease in the oral cavity. A specialist in this field of medicine is called a dentist. The dentist relies on the patients complain, physical examination of the oral cavity, X-rays, and other equipment to arrive at a tentative diagnosis and choose the best treatment plan. Persons from any oral cavity illness experiences great pain that usually leads to pyrexia and difficulties in chewing, drinking or swallowing any food substance.
Apart from the pain that comes with dental or general oral cavity illness, the dentition can be disfigured whereby the patient wears some funny facial look due to asymmetric dentition. Numerous dental procedures are available to solve any abnormality regarding dentition, toothache, soft and hard palette infection. The subsequent paragraphs dwell intensively on the available treatment for any type of dental illness or abnormality.
Types of Dental Problems
Bad Breath
Bad breath which is also called halitosis is one of the most embarrassing oral health challenges that many people battle with daily. In most cases, there are underlying causes that produce the offensive odour in the mouth. Infected gum, teeth cavities, oral cancer or some bacterial activities can be the cause of the bad breath. When the primary cause is treated, the odour will also disappear within days.
Tooth Decay
This is a highly prevalent type of dental problem globally. It is mostly caused by microbial activities on food substances that are not well dislodged after meals. When plaque buildup and food particles react together, the acid produced wears out the enamel of the tooth and exposes the nerve ending which is highly sensitive to the temperature of the food substance. cavities affect all age group, which means everyone is susceptible to tooth decay.
Treatment and Prevention
Regular teeth brushing and flossing at least twice daily with a routine dental checkup will help a great deal. Eating healthy foods like fruits and other veggies is also very important in maintaining oral health.
Gum (Periodontal) Disease
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums that surround the teeth. It weakens the gum and by extension makes the teeth prone to falling off. It affects all age group but more pronounces among people from 35 years of age upward. Smoking, diabetes and dry mouth have been identified as a risk factor.
Treatment and Prevention
The symptoms include bad breath, swollen, red, tender, or bleeding gums, sensitive teeth due to the exposure of nerve endings, and painful chewing. Regular brushing and flossing of the teeth daily are crucial. See a dentist if you noticed any gum bleeding or loss of teeth during the meal without much pain.
Oral Cancer
Oral cancer is a serious and deadly disease but early diagnosis and treatment increase the chance of survival. Tobacco and alcohol use is highly susceptible to oral cancer. HPV, a sexually transmitted wart virus, also increases the risk of anyone having oral cancer.
Lumps, sores on both palette, and rough areas in the mouth are classical symptoms of mouth or throat cancer. The mobility of the tongue or jaw may be affected in a severe situation.
Treatment and Prevention
Routine dental visits can help in detecting oral cancer at the early stage. Insist on having oral cancer examination at every visit to the dentist. Any difficulty in chewing, swallowing, or moving your tongue or jaw, should be reported to a dentist immediately. Maintain good oral hygiene as a prevention measure.
Tooth Erosion
This is the loss of some part of a tooth structure due to the acidic attack on the enamel. Tooth erosion major signs are sensitivity to food temperature and cracking of the tooth. It can lead to tooth extraction if not treated on time.
Treatment and Prevention
Tooth erosion can be treated surgically through a process called root canal treatment (RCT) and subsequent buildup of the eroded part. In a more severe case where the tooth has cracked and shaky, the best procedure in an extraction(removal of the tooth). Crowning can be done or a removal option called denture which will fill the space where a tooth was extracted.
Unattractive Smile
Although an unattractive smile cannot be technically classified as a "dental problem," it is considered a dental problem by people who want to wear a cheering smile. It’s a form of cosmetic surgery in dentistry where, teeth whitening, dental implants, orthodontics or other cosmetic dental work are done the way it pleases the patient.
Treatment and Prevention
Since this is not an actual case of oral health challenge, the major care needed by the patient is to follow the dentist postoperative care directives to the letter. Also, adopting a healthier lifestyle can help the patient to maintain a whiter enamel without necessarily going for another procedure in a short while.
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