This is the process whereby a bodily organ is surgically removed from mostly one individual (the donor) and then transplanted into another (the recipient). This is a common practice in most life-threatening illnesses. Patients with failure of one kidney will have to be on a regular dialysis appointments-in order to stage alive- till when they can get a donor that meets every medical requirement needed from a donor.
Types of Organ Transplants
Successfully organ transplants include the kidneys, lungs, liver, pancreas, heart, intestine, and thymus. The organ transplant is an invasive surgical procedure that involves series of test to be conducted on the donor and recipient to ascertain the level of compatibility and acceptance of the transplanted organ by the system.
Treatment and Prevention
After the series of tests pre-surgery, the bulk of treatment lies in the postoperative care because that is when there is a high chance of the recipient’s immune system to still attack the transplanted organ. However, with adequate postoperative care, the chances of rejection are slim. A healthy lifestyle is a crucial way of protecting the organs from deterioration. In fact, dietary modification can also enhance the health of the organs greatly because almost all the organs play a major role in metabolism. Also of importance is routine medical checkup of the organs which will help in early detection of an anomaly at its onset. Alcoholism is known to damage the liver, as inadequate consumption of water after meal strains the kidney.