This is the branch of surgery that specializes on the musculoskeletal system. It involves the treatment of spine diseases, sports injuries, bone fracture, musculoskeletal trauma, degenerative diseases, infections, tumours, and congenital disorders. Most musculoskeletal injuries impair the functionality of the region affected. The immobility of the arms or legs is a common phenomenon in a patient that suffers a traumatic injury. An orthopedic surgeon is a name for a specialist in this field of surgery.
Types of Orthopedic Surgery
The region affected determines the type of surgical procedure to be performed by the surgeon. The subsequent paragraph discussed in details the different orthopedic surgeries.
This is a less invasive technique whereby probes are inserted into the affected joint to achieve a diagnostic examination and also repair damaged joint tissue appropriately. This procedure is done in a situation involving torn ligaments or broken cartilage.
The techniques to be used are dictated by the location and severity of the fracture because the stability of the fracture site is a necessary factor in the healing process -for the patient- to retain function afterwards. Orthopaedic splints, permanent pins and plates, immobilization, and plaster of Paris, are some of the tools used to ensure stability during the healing process.
This is the outright replacement or reconstruction of a joint, which could be necessitated by osteo and rheumatoid arthritis. Hip and knee replacements are the most common operations. The procedure involves the replacement or remodelling of the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint through osteotomy.
General repair procedures on traumatized muscle or tendon:
These are procedures commonly carried out on athletes due to the frequent injuries they sustain in course of the sporting activities. It could range from mild operations to a more severe one. The injury period of soccer stars is determined most times by a team of orthopaedics using the basis of the injury’s severity as a yardstick.
This is procedures used in correcting problems in anatomical alignment of musculoskeletal structure which either limit function or would have a long-term negative effect on gait and stance. Most times, corrective surgeries are carried out on structures with congenital defect; hence 3D mapping and other advanced techniques are implored to carry out a proper treatment.
Treatment and Prevention
The method used in orthopaedic surgery for treating a patient is determined by the level of damage, the location and age of the patient. Bone plate can be used in spine surgery, but will not be the best option for a very mobile joint like the ones in the limbs. Age also plays an important role in choosing a procedure, because the healing process tends to be slower in older patients, so, the option that will accommodate the slow pace of healing in such patient are used. The best means of prevention is to be careful during sport or other forms of physical activities to avoid traumatic injuries.