This is a branch of medicine that leads with the disorder of the heart and the cardiovascular system. A specialist in this branch of medicine is called a cardiologist. Any disorder that affects the heart is a potentially fatal illness because any mishap in the heart will disrupt the cardiovascular system which can shutdown or slowdown blood and oxygen flow to other vital organs like the brain.
Types of Heart Disease
Cardiovascular diseases have claimed many lives globally than any another form of diseases. It has cut many lives short at their prime, but early detection could have prevented. Some of the prominent cardiovascular disorders are as follows:
Silent Ischemia
This is a form of coronary artery disease whereby there is a reduction in the quantity of the blood that flows to the heart muscle and its present very negligible symptoms of pain only during any physical exertion.
Coronary Artery Disease
This is the blockage of the coronary arteries and it is characterized by a reduction in the quantity of oxygen and blood supplied to the heart muscles. It is a condition that has accounted for the greater percentage of heart attacks and other sudden death without warning.
Heart Attack
This is known as Myocardial Infarction. When there is a hindrance to the flow of oxygen and blood to certain part of the heart, the affected muscle is damaged and its unfortunately an irreversible phenomenon.
Congestive Heart Failure
This is a serious condition that affects the cardiovascular system whereby the heart does not pump enough blood into the system. It can lead to outright system shutdown and death if not detected and manage properly.
High Blood Pressure
This is a condition whereby the arteries are narrowed down causing the buildup of high pressure- from the flow of blood – against the artery walls. It is called the silent killer because it seldom present any significant symptom, but can only be detected through regular check of the blood pressure is a way to know if the readings are within the safe threshold.
Angina refers to the pain or discomfort that occurs when the heart gets insufficient oxygen and nutrients. Muscle spasms in the coronary arteries or narrowed arteries can cause Angina.
Occasionally, the electrical system of the heart functions abnormally. Irregularity in heartbeats may be noticed in some individuals. These abnormal rhythms are called arrhythmias.
Treatment and Prevention
Lifestyle changes: Consumption of low cholesterol food coupled with routine exercise daily will help to improve the cardiovascular health. Most fatty food contains fats that are not healthy, which can further shrink arteries and increase corona fat. It’s advisable to consume foods that contains omega 3 in its fat.
Medications: Getting doctor’s prescriptions will also go a long way in protecting the heart from fatal damages. Some of the drugs are meant to be taking over a long period of time, while others are to be taking for throughout the patient’s life.
Medical procedures or surgery: In a situation where the other two options will not be enough, the physician may recommend some medical procedure or surgery to save the patient’s life.